Our peloids deposit (total area – 144 h) was formed 13 000 years ago at the watershed between the Black and the Baltic seas.
3 000 years ago the lake development was determined by oxygen deficiency resulted in protococcal algae increase and simultaneous destruction of stable bio-structures in humic acids, which finally led to light-brown peloid layer formation.
Then the lake began to form green peloids. Precipitations accumulated due to blue-green algae. The shift of oxygen and nutrient delivery had little effect on biomass degradation and brought about a small rate of humic acids and minerals (9-15 %) in the mud.
Green peloids formed about 3500 years ago.
Our deposit contains peloids consisting of 70-90% of organic substances.
Therefore, the lake is considered as a medicinal resource and the use of peloids is allowed only as therapeutic muds, ingredients for the medical and cosmetic industries.
These facts give a reason to consider the Deposit one of the unique in Europe.